Pollinators like bees and other insects are some of the most vital parts of our food chain. They support the production of 87 percent of the world’s top food crops. That means they're necessary to produce three out of every four pieces of seed crops, according to the United Nations. Bees in particular have been called the most important species to the planet by conservation groups. Unfortunately, pollinators have been threatened by widespread use of pesticides and other chemicals in farming. Many bee colonies have lost half their population due to industrial pesticides and the danger to our ecosystem is grave.
One city in Costa Rica has focused on their conservation efforts in a unique way. They've made bees and trees official citizens.
The city of Curridabat is focusing on integrating green spaces into their urban centers and are creating space for pollinators to flourish. Nicknamed the Sweet City, the urban planning has focused on making the city greener. Edgar Mora, the former mayor of Curridabat, told The Guardian, “Pollinators are the consultants of the natural world, supreme reproducers and they don’t charge for it."
“The plan to convert every street into a bio corridor and every neighborhood into an ecosystem required a relationship with them.”
“The idea came from a narrative that people in cities are prone to defending nature when it is far away, when it is a distant concept. But they are negligent when it comes to protecting nature in their immediate environment,” Mora said.
“Urban development should be, at least to some extent, aligned with the landscape instead of the other way round,” he added.